Based on the fact that prisons around the world were designed and organized primarily for male prison population—from the architecture to the codes of conduct—it had come to the international community's attention that the different needs and conditions of female prisoners had not been addressed by most prison regimes despite the rising number.
Recognized as one of the vulnerable groups in prison, the United Nations General Assembly agreed that the rights female prisoners must be addressed and adopted the “United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-custodial Measures for Women Offenders” or the “Bangkok Rules” on 21 December 2010.
The government of Thailand, Led by HRH Princess Bajrakitiyabha, initiated and played a key role in the development, promotion and adoption of the Bangkok Rules. It is the first international instrument which provides specific and detailed guidelines on responding to the gender specific needs of women in the criminal justice system. The 70 rules are applicable from admission to release, promoting hygiene and gender-specific needs, encouraging the use of non-custodial measures, and protecting the rights of women offenders and prisoners, including those of children in prison with their mother.
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